Small Farm Mechanization

Specialized Tractor for Replacement of Animal Power in Indian Farms

This project presents a novel tractor architecture to enable mechanization of bullock power in India. Existing tractors are inadequate substitutes for bullocks. Bullock's compact dimensions, high maneuverability, and low capital cost have allowed them to remain a popular choice for small and large farmers. These bullocks, however, are slow at covering ground, incompatible with modern precision tools, and have higher maintenance costs than tractors.


Mahindra & Mahindra Tractors
Tata Center for Technology and Design


An Engineering Review of the Farm Tractor's Evolution to a Dominant Design [🔗]
Diaz Lankenau, G., & Winter, A., ASME Journal of Mechanical Design. (2018 - Accepted)

Peer Reviewed Conference Articles

Proof-of-Concept Evaluation of a Low-Cost and Low-Weight Tractor for Small-Scale Farms [🔗 ]
Arelekatti, V. N. M., Björkdal, D., Graves, C., Wong, A., Mkrtchyan, A., & Winter, A., ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (2014)


The mechanics of tractor performance and their impact on historical and future device designs [🔗 ]
Diaz Lankenau, G.F., Master's Thesis (MIT, 2017)